Carotid artery stenosis is a disease caused by substance build up in one of the arteries located on each side of your neck. These arteries are your carotid arteries. This buildup can restrict blood supply to your brain and can result in stroke or a ministroke. According to Cardiovascular Institute Of Northwest Florida formerly known as Cardiology Associates, approximately 50% of strokes are caused by carotid artery stenosis.
Give the high risk of stroke, it can be a life threatening condition especially if combined with other health conditions. In order to best prevent stroke, doctors make sure to look for and treat other stroke causing health conditions in patients receiving carotid artery stenosis treatment. These conditions include hypertension, smoking, diabetes, mellitus and hyperlipidemia.
Depending on the progression of the blockage and the overall health of patients, doctors can recommend conservative treatment, carotid artery endarterectomy, or carotid artery stenting.
Conservative treatment entail taking antiplatelet agents such as aspirin, Plavix or Prasugrel, and dietary and lifestyle changes.
Carotid artery endarterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the plaque from the artery is removed, and carotid artery stenting is the insertion of an embolic protection device in the carotid arteries in order to improve carotid flow, stabilized and trap plaque. During clinical trial, carotid artery stenting proved very effective in reducing risk of stroke and it received FDA approval for high risk patients.
You should see a cardiovascular physician to see what treatment option is best for you.